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Harm Reduction Journal volume 18Article : 49 Cite this article. Metrics details. Despite the popularity of dating apps, there remain scarce data on the motivations, consequences and their influence on sexual behaviour change in the Australian population.
To explore motivations, dating app relationships, unintended consequences and change in sexual behaviour in dating app users at an Australian music festival. A cross-sectional study de was used. Festival patrons aged 18—30 at a major Australian music festival completed a paper-based Discreet sex partner nsw.
Logistic regression was used to identify which factors were associated with an increase in sexual partners since using dating apps. A third of users used them at music festivals A third of participants had used dating apps for more than 2 years Dating app users tended not to discuss sexually transmitted infections STI status with a sexual partner regardless of whether they had met them on an app or not: After adjusting for socio-demographics, those who had an STI after engaging in sexual activity with a person met via a dating app had 2.
Sexual orientation and STI discussions with a new sexual dating app partner were not associated with an increase in dating app partners. Dating app usage is common and users report increased sexual activity, sexual partners and experimentation. STI discussions with potential partners and condom use remained low regardless of how partners were met and despite an increase in sexual partners since using dating apps. Given the high-risk nature of individuals that utilise dating apps, safe sex discussion, including STIs, pregnancies and condom use should be promoted to improve sexual health outcomes.
Online dating has existed for over 20 years now. Initially, dating websites were accessed via computers; however, since smartphones have become ubiquitous in society, increasing s of dating applications have become available [ 1 ]. Many of these applications utilise global positioning system technology to connect users by physical proximity, known as geosocial networking dating apps [ 2 ].
Users Discreet sex partner nsw filter matches for their desired demographic characteristics including age and location, with some applications such as Hinge offering many more filters including ethnicity; religion; family plans; height; politics and smoking, marijuana and drug-taking status [ 3 ]. Young people have different reasons for using dating apps but this varies per context. The predominant motivators of dating app use in a survey of American university students were found to be for fun and to meet people [ 4 ].
Other studies found the main motivator to be forming romantic and sexual connections [ 56 ]. Though not found to be a major motivator, Orosz et al. This may be linked to low self-esteem and is an important correlate that warrants further investigation in an Australian population especially in the context of a Australian study that showed dating app users report higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress [ 10 ]. To date, many studies of meeting partners online have recruited men who have sex with men MSM and used sampling strategies that are unlikely to be representative of a predominantly heterosexual population, such as targeting attendees of gay venues, or sexual health care clinics [ 1112 ].
However, the use of dating apps extends far beyond the MSM population. A Brazilian study found that women are far less likely than men to have a condom with them, when engaging in casual sex, leaving them in the vulnerable position of relying on their sexual partner to supply adequate protection [ 13 ]. Thus, both heterosexual and non-heterosexual dating app users warrant targeted health promotion. Several international studies have explored whether dating apps promote sexually promiscuous behaviour and the are mixed. These mixed can be explained by many factors including cultural differences and sexual orientation.
Two US-based studies found that among MSM, dating app users reported more sexual contacts and casual sex partners than non-users [ 56 ]. Choi et al. Knox et al. An analysis by Albury et al. Many of these articles were based upon expert opinion and individual user experiences rather than validated research. This included articles drawing associations between dating app use and increased susceptibility to STIs [ 16 ].
Dating apps very well may pose health risks to young Australians; however, the level of risks and associated factors needs to be further explored. Our study aims to add to the literature by providing objective findings on sexual partners met via dating apps, increase in sexual behaviour due to app use and factors associated with increased sexual activity since using apps. Indeed, Albury et al. They suggest that methods beyond standard qualitative interview or focus group approaches are needed.
Our study assists in addressing this gap by using quantitative survey data to explore and better understand dating app users and opportunities for improving sexual health. Furthermore, music festival patrons are known to be at high-risk from a public health perspective including excessive drinking, drug use, sexting and risky sexual behaviour. Firstly, Jenkinson et al. Secondly, Hall et al. Drug and alcohol use has been linked Discreet sex partner nsw unsafe sexual behaviour and condom use problems [ 18 ].
Given that alcohol and drug use is very common at festivals, this is a cause of concern.
A study found that Another study found that among festival attendees, the median of alcoholic drinks consumed in the last 24 h was 12 standard drinks, which is twice the of standard drinks viewed as binge drinking [ 21 ]. Thirdly, dating app usage can also be linked to sexting. Whilst it is acknowledged that sexting can have a positive impact, a study identified that the more unsolicited sexts were received, the higher the distress levels were among the festival respondents and that sexting can be perceived as risky [ 22 ]. Sexting is common among festival patrons with a study finding that In summary, given the high-risk environments, music festivals form an ideal place to further explore dating apps to improve positive sexual health outcomes.
We acknowledge that targeting a venue with high levels of risky Discreet sex partner nsw at an Australian music festival is potentially not completely representative of the heterosexual population. However, we have done repeated studies in the same music festival scene annually and have consistently identified Discreet sex partner nsw levels of heterosexual sexual orientation among respondents: Thus, music festivals provide a venue where sexual behaviours can be investigated in a population irrespective of sexual orientation.
In summary, given the high-risk profile of music attendees, more in-depth understanding of the reasons for using dating apps, dating app relationships and the impact of dating apps on sexual health behaviour among festival attendees is warranted from a public health perspective. To our knowledge, this has not been investigated before in a high-risk young adult population at a music festival. Understanding the behaviours and characteristics of dating-app users at festivals can support development of positive sexual health promotion activities.
Tavares et al. A possible explanation is that women may simply not notice the messages or are not targeted. A review of 60 dating apps found that only 9 dating apps had sexual health content and seven of these only targeted MSM [ 2 ]. Our study can potentially be used to reduce harm for young people using dating apps through health promotion interventions, such as safe sex campaigns both on dating apps and at music festivals themselves to improve sexual health outcomes.
With geocoded locations, dating apps now also have the opportunity to promote safe sex at specific festivals locations. Therefore, this study aims to explore motivations, dating app relationships, unintended consequences and factors associated with change in sexual behaviour in dating app users at an Australian music festival.
Given the high-risk population, we hypothesise that dating app users who report an increase in sexual partners are less likely to report condom use with new sexual partners met via a dating app and less likely to discuss STIs with new dating app partners. A cross-sectional survey using convenience sampling was conducted in The only inclusion criteria were that participants must be between 18 and 30 years old and not visibly intoxicated.
No incentives were provided. Data collection took place at a large three-day music festival in New South Wales, Australia. Festival goers who visited a permanent sexual health promotion stall within the campgrounds were invited to participate, and people Discreet sex partner nsw were perceived to be between 18 and 30 years of age were invited to take part. The festival is mainly attended by young people. We had ethics approval to invite people aged between 18 years and over.
Thirty years was set as the upper boundary to have a relatively homogenous study population and has been consistently used in years at the same venue by the authors. Participants were provided with a participant information sheet and were able to ask questions prior to participation to make an informed decision on participation. If people agreed to take part, they were invited to complete the survey. Prior to survey completion, participants were asked to read participate information sheet and survey completion was taken as consent.
Participant anonymity was maintained as completed surveys were placed into closed boxes and did not ask for any identifying information. The of patrons who refused to take part was not documented. The survey was developed in consultation with sexual health and public health experts and was pilot-tested with thirteen university students who reflect the target population.
All methods were carried out in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. The for reasons for app use were taken from Orosz et al. SAS 9. Simple descriptive statistics are provided.Discreet sex partner nsw
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