Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina

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Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina

Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Ann Arbor, MI Although research demonstrates that peers serve as top sexual informants and advisers, little is known about how peer sexual communications may be a gendered phenomenon. Do communications about sex and romantic relationships vary according to who is speaking to whom?

The current study examined college students' reports of male and female peers' communications of four sexual scripts and the associations between reports of such communications and participants' sexual attitudes and levels of sexual and dating experience. suggest that peer messages about sex and relationships vary by the gender of the recipient and the gender of the communicator. Women reported more frequent communications of all sexual scripts from female peers than did men.

In terms of male peers' sexual communications, only one gender difference emerged: men reported receiving ificantly fewer messages about the relational script than women. Compared to same-sex peer communications, there were more associations between other-sex peer communications and undergraduates' sexual attitudes and levels of sexual and dating experience. Implications for the role of same- and other-sex peers in sexual socialization are discussed. In the popular imagination, peer sexual communications often consist of groups of men telling raunchy stories about their sexual conquests and pairs of women sharing advice about love and relationships.

These gendered portrayals reflect the sexual double standard, whereby men are expected to be sex-driven and women are expected to be relationship-focused. In either case, peer sexual communications may carry ificant weight.

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Unlike the prolific yet impersonal communications of mass media and the restrictive and infrequent messages of parents, peer messages are simultaneously personal, protective, informative, and diverse. Indeed, common sexual values communicated include waiting until marriage i. The goals of the current study were to examine the gendered nature of college students' reports of peer sexual communications during their Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina years i. Communications among young people and their peers have not been the central focus in the sexual socialization literature.

Instead, research has largely focused on perceived sexual norms, or ideas about the extent to which young people believe their peers are sexually active. One major factor contributing to these misperceptions is that peer communications about sex are diverse Bogle, ; Currier, They vary in form, and include direct statements as well as innuendos, jokes, gossip, and anecdotes e. They vary in timing, typically emerging in adolescence, continuing into emerging adulthood, and changing over time. They also vary in their content. Similarly, Morgan and Zurbriggen found that college students report valuing mutual respect, romantic relationships, consent, and sexual pleasure.

College students' complex sexual values contrast with widely held notions that young people hold uniformly hedonistic, risk-free views towards sex. Because young people frequently turn to their peers for sexual information and advice, understanding the content of these communications may yield insight into the complex sexual values that college students hold. One considerable challenge to studying sexual communications is the ambiguities.

Among college students and their peers, stories regarding sexual experiences typically lack clarity. For example, young people report having vague notions about what it means when their friends tell them that they hooked up Bogle, Indeed, there is little consensus regarding the definition of hookups, which entail a range of sexual behaviors from kissing to intercourse.

In addition to being common and ambiguous, sexual communications among peers are frequently gendered. Findings indicate that such communications largely reinforce traditional sex roles and the sexual double standard. Much of the evidence to support this work has drawn on qualitative interviews of young women and men. Here findings indicate that among boys and young men, exchanging stories about one's sexual experiences confers status, affirms masculinity, and strengthens peer bonds Eder et al. Indeed, Morrison et al.

Sexual jokes, in particular, represent a unique opportunity to bond young adult men with their same-sex peers. Whereas sharing anecdotes of their sexual experiences can lead to competition i.

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For example, Korobov and Thorne analyzed conversations of undergraduate men and their same-sex friends regarding romantic relationships, and they found twice as many negative statements e. Ultimately, adolescent boys' and young men's conversations about sex and relationships typically reinforce stereotypical notions about gender and sex.

Conversations about sex among adolescent girls and young women have been shown to be equally gendered albeit more complex. Young women are acutely aware of the elusive balance they need to strike to gain and to avoid losing respect and approval. Peer sexual communications are not without consequences; there is a small but growing body of literature that documents associations between reports of peer communications and emerging adults' sexual behaviors and attitudes.

For example, college students' reports of exposure to peer messages promoting recreational sex are associated with higher levels of sexual experience, more casual sexual encounters, and more sexual partners Manago et al. On the other hand, college students' reports of peer messages promoting abstinence until marriage predicted less dating experience Fletcher et al. Similar have been found for the role of peer sexual communications on sexual attitudes.

Frequent peer sexual communications predicted greater endorsement that sex is pleasurable and socially beneficial i. This literature on peer sexual communications complements the larger literature on peer sexual norms and has the potential to illustrate how peers shape sexual socialization. Peers are widely acknowledged as influential sexual socialization agents. It is likely, however, that their influences are not monolithic.

Whereas research has demonstrated that peer sexual norms and expectations are salient and gendered, the role of gender on peer sexual communications has received less attention. The few studies that have explicitly documented the gendered qualities of peer sexual communications have been qualitative or ethnographic in nature.

Our goal is to complement and expand on work by assessing whether gendered patterns of communications emerge using Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina measures of sexual scripts. In doing so, we address two gaps in the nascent literature.

The first gap is the need to consider the role of gender in peer sexual communications. Do communications vary according to who is speaking to whom? The second gap is the need for specificity in communication measures, given the diverse sexual values that college students hold. Accordingly, the current study examines how peer communications of four distinct sexual scripts e.

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Additionally, this study examines which messages contribute most to emerging adults' sexual attitudes and levels of sexual and dating experience. The current study tests the following hypotheses and research question:.

Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina

Collapsing across reports of male peers' and female peers' messages, undergraduate women would report receiving more restrictive messages about sex i. Taking into consideration the gender of one's peers, undergraduate women would receive more messages from their same-sex peers about the relational and procreational scripts then men, who would receive more messages from their same-sex peers about the recreational and Heterosexual scripts than women.

Other-sex peers would convey more recreational script messages to undergraduate women and more relational script messages to undergraduate men. Will the contributions of same- and other-sex peers to sexual attitudes and levels of sexual and dating experience differ for men and women? The relative contribution of same- and other-sex peers to sexual socialization is unclear. It is possible that same-sex peers may be more influential because they are more likely to advise young people about sex and relationships than other-sex peers.

Participants were recruited through the Psychology Subject Pool, which consists of all undergraduates enrolled in Introduction to Psychology courses. Participation was open to anyone in the Psychology Subject Pool, and course credit was given for participation. A total of college students completed the survey. Ninety-six percent of participants identified as exclusively or predominantly heterosexual. Because the small sample of sexual minorities was not sufficient for comparative analyses and because it was unclear if sexual communications differed between groups, we focused exclusively on all participants who identified as exclusively or predominantly heterosexual.

Ten participants did not complete the surveys or provided response sets. Young women made up Nearly one-third of women and men belonged to sororities and fraternities, respectively. Three participants 0. Parents' education was measured in of years of schooling completed. There were two measures of sexual attitudes. The second measure tested endorsement of the Heterosexual Script Authors names omitted to maintain anonymity, in preparationincluding gender-specific orientations to commitment and courtship and acceptance of a sexual double standard.

Participants rated their level of experience with dating and sexual relationships using a point scale with the following anchors: 0 just starting out3 some dating4 sexual relationships and no longer a virginand 10 having had several sexual relationships. Participants used a 4-point scale anchored from 0 none to 3 a lot to indicate how frequently they were exposed to each message during their formative years i.

Participants completed this measure twice, once with regard to what their female peers told them and once with regard to what their male peers told them. Items tapped into DeLamater's three types of sexual scripts i. A version of this measure has been used in research Fletcher et al. Religiosity was measured with three items. Participants indicated how religious they were on a 5-point scale from 1 not at all to 5 very. Participants rated on a 5-point scale from 1 never to 5 very regularly, usually once a week how often they attended religious services.

Participants indicated how often they prayed on a 5-point scale from 1 never to 5 very regularly; at least once a day. Overall, the sample reported moderate levels of dating and Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina experience and minimal endorsement of gendered stereotypical attitudes about sex. There were two sets of preliminary analyses. For each set, all analyses for women and men were conducted separately because of the study's focus on gender.

First, we ran zero-order correlations between the three dependent variables and the following demographic variables: raised outside the U. research has demonstrated that each of these demographic characteristics is frequently correlated with sexual attitudes and experiences e. for women and men are provided in Table 1.

Women seeking casual sex Advance North Carolina

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“No messages needed—just pats on the back”: Exploring young men’s reports of male and female friends’ sexual communications